Services Available For Dementia Care In India
Dementia is a brain disease that causes a long term and often slow decrease in your memory and cognitive thinking ability. Dementia includes the progressive loss of mental health and ultimately physical functions in a person, which results from the ongoing and irreversible death of brain cells. It is one of the health conditions that is increasing at a staggering rate. According to World Alzheimer’s Report (2015), India stands among the top 3 countries in the world with individuals suffering from Dementia housing nearly 4.1 million people out of the 47 million people living with dementia globally. Dementia care in India still an unknown concept to many people.
The treatment for such progressive conditions involves a balance of a variety of treatments or procedures to ensure that the quality of life of the individuals can be maintained. Though the condition is progressive and death is inevitable, however, the treatment is basically aimed at delaying the onset or slowing down the progression of the condition.
With India’s aging population rising at a staggering rate, it becomes very important to make sure that there is an availability of adequate facilities to help the senior’s age with dignity. With a lower number of professional care facilities in India, most people are living with home-based dementia care in India. Most care is performed at home without any proper knowledge or support. Also, with very few professionals trained specifically in this specialty, it becomes difficult to take care of all the needs of the old age people.
India has slowly started recognizing the fact that the incidence of dementia is large and growing and it requires special care and attention. Alzheimer’s and Related Disorders Society of India (ARDSI) is one of the biggest organizations developed with an aim to provide support, knowledge and resources in developing memory clinics, respite care, training programs, etc. Other endeavors include:
- Dementia day care centers: Major cities in India like Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Faridabad, Gurgaon, Kerala, Kolkata, Mumbai, Patna, and Thane have the facility of dementia day care centers, where services range from engaging dementia patients with a variety of simple activities such as taking them out for monthly outings and conducting timely assessments to monitor their progress. Some facilities even arrange for in-house physiotherapy sessions, have tie-ups with care and nursing attendants and nutritionists to take care of their personal care and health.
- Home-based interventions: All of us know that it is comfortable for a person suffering from dementia to live longer in a homely environment and close to the family members. There are some organizations that impart professional services by individuals trained in psychology and gerontology, focused on using non-pharmacological interventions for mind stimulation to help dementia patients in the comfort of their homes. These interventions are known to slow down the progression of the disease.
- Residential care facilities: These are also known as long term assisted living, residential care facilities are another initiative where trained staff in dementia is always available for the patients. The environment and living are tailored to meet their needs and demands, thereby ensuring a good quality of life.
- Clinic-based services: Many general hospitals through the department of psychiatry and neurology have started to provide dementia care in India to the families of dementia patients, where they focus on proper assessments, medication, and caregiver’s education.
The concept of dementia care in India is still new and unknown to many. There is a lot of scope of improvement that can be done for the patients. As caregivers, it is important to put to best use the existing services to make the lives of our loved ones better.
We at NemaElder Care aim to help seniors live happy, active, and independent lives, in the comfort of their home and community through interactive caregiving.